Depression can be treated using a behavioural therapy that focuses on increasing positive activities while decreasing negative ones. This common approach is called behavioural activation. Two other effective behavioural treatments for depression are Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT), which focus on helping patients to replace their negative thinking with more accurate thoughts.Exposure and Response (or Ritual) Prevention (ERP) is the most effective type of behavioural therapy for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) symptoms. This therapy exposes patients to the source of their anxiety and assists the patient with countering their tendency to perform compulsions. The primary goal is to reduce both a patient’s anxiety and their reliance on compulsions.
Occupational Therapy with a Sensory Integration Approach
Sensory-based therapies, such as sensory integration therapy, are used by occupational therapists and other therapists to treat children with sensory challenges. These therapies involve activities that are believed to organize the sensory system. They include the use of brushes, swings, balls and other recreational equipment. Occupational therapy with the use of sensory-based therapies is one component of a comprehensive treatment plan.
Individuals with TS+ may take prescription medication to help with the symptoms of their associated conditions. In many cases, individuals may take multiple medications for both their tics and associated disorder symptoms. This is called targeted combined pharmacotherapy.Treating rage episodes is challenging. In the long-term, a person may take a prescription medication. It’s also possible to take a preventative approach by trying to isolate and understand the triggers or pathways that lead to the episodes and then attempt to reduce exposure to these factors in the future. If a rage episode begins, there is very little that can be done to stop it. A person who is mid-storm lacks the neurological resources to have a logic-based conversation. It is advisable to give the person space, have others exit the area if possible, and let the storm pass. If the person must be moved due to a high risk of injury to self or others or potential for damage to property, it is best to put them in a private location that allows them to move around. Rather than punishing someone for having a storm, allow them to cool off and then work with them to repair any damage they caused (e.g., by cleaning up a mess or apologizing for hurt feelings).